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20 Best Foods to Control Diabetes

Diabetes mellitus, or diabetes, is a metabolic condition characterised by excessive blood sugar levels. Insulin transports sugar from the bloodstream into your cells, where it is stored or used for energy. Your body either doesn’t generate enough insulin or can’t use the insulin it does make efficiently if you have diabetes.

Diabetes-related elevated blood sugar can harm your nerves, eyes, kidneys, and other organs if left untreated.

When your blood sugar levels are higher than normal, your meal is responsible for that. One should encompass these foods listed below in their diet plan.

Here’s a list of 20 meals that can help you keep your blood sugar in check or even lower it:

1. Spinach

fresh spinach

Spinach is year-round vegetable is high in dietary fibres, vitamins, folate, chlorophyll, manganese, calcium, potassium, zinc, phosphorus, protein, and carotene. Spinach has a low glycemic index, which makes it ideal for diabetics who need to keep their blood sugar levels in check.

2.  Sweet potatoes

Boiling sweet potatoes have the lowest glycemic index of all the potato varieties, with a glycemic index of 44, making them a diabetic superfood. Even if you have diabetes, eating sweet potatoes in moderation can help you keep your blood sugar levels in a safe range, according to the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

3. Tomatoes

When ingested in moderation, fresh tomatoes do not pose a threat to blood sugar control. 1 cup of cherry tomatoes, for example, contains 5.8 g of carbohydrates and 1.8 g of fibre, or 4 g of net carbs, but 1 medium whole tomato contains 4.8 g of carbohydrates and 1.5 g of fibre, or 3.3 g of net carbs. It has a glycemic index of 2 to 4 according to estimates.

4. Oatmeal

bowl of oatmeal porridge
bowl of oatmeal porridge

According to studies, eating whole grains and high-fibre diets reduces the incidence of diabetes by around 35 to 42 percent. Oatmeal is high in fibre and contains entire graper centrthermore, it contains soluble fibre, which slows the rate of glucose absorption in the GIT, ensuring that blood sugar levels remain stable.


In terms of glycemic load, cruciferous veggie s like cauliflower are really healthy. These veggies are frequently featured in lth news due to their anti-cancer and anti-heart disease properties. This unique blend of phytonutrients is extremely healthful and well absorbed in the body when taken on a daily basis.


Coconut is heavy in saturated daily used in moderation, it poses little risk to blood glucose levels. Coconuts are used to season a variety of cuisines. Coconut milk, coconut flour, coconut meat, and coconut water are all edible aspects of the coconut. However, knowing which component you’re utilising to calculate the glycemic index and nutritional advantages are crucial.

7. Apple

We have heard “ An apple a day keeps the doctor away”. This is because apples have a low glycemic index of 39 and are high in fibre, vitamins, and minerals, as well as a wide range of nutritional advantages. It takes minimal preparation, no special storage, and is simple to transport.

8. Carrots

Carrots include beta carotene, which is believed to help with vision and is also high in vitamin A. When combined with peas, they produce a wonderful diinner that is also low in glycemic index. The glycemic index of carrots is 19.

9. Broccoli

Broccoli. Fresh broccoli on plate
Broccoli. Fresh broccoli on plate

Broccoli is a superfood that appears in practically every list of healthful foods. Fibre, minerals, vitamins, and nutritional value are all known benefits of them. They have a GI score of 10 or less, indicating that the body can manage them well.

10. Peas

Every 100g serving of these contains 81 calories. They also include a lot of fibre and a decent amount of potassium. It’s also high in vitamin C and protein. The glycemic index of this food is 39.

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11. Peanuts

Peanuts can be eaten plain, with butter, or even in a sauce. They are legumes, and they are excellent at keeping people awake. They’re aalso great in keeping blood sugar levels in check. Their glycemic index is a 6 on a scale of one to ten.

12. Chia seeds

Chia seeds are little, black seeds that have a nutty flavour. They’re high in antioxidants, healthy fats, vitamins, and fibre. Chia seeds have been proven to help with blood sugar control in a study published in the journal ‘Diabetes Care.’ It also lowers the risk of heart disease in people with type 2 diabetes.

13. Barley

14 grams of fibre are found in a cup of cooked whole-grain barley. The soluble fibre is 3 grams and the insoluble fibre is 11 grams. 1 cup of boiled pearl barley has 6 grams of fibre, 2 grams of which are soluble and 4 grams of which are insoluble. After consuming carbohydrate-rich foods, diabetic individuals’ blood glucose levels fluctuate. Barley has a GI of 25, which means it has a high nutritional value.

14. Apricots


Apricots have a delicate flavour and are sweet. They provide a diverse spectrum of nutrients, making them an excellent addition to a diabetic diet. Because of its low glycemic index, apricots can help you fulfil your sweet taste without worrying about your blood sugars. When eaten in small amounts, dried apricots are also a wonderful option.

15. Lean meats

Protein meals are an essential component of any diet. Fish, chicken, meats, soy products, and cheese are among them. The amount of fat and protein in each of these foods is what distinguishes them.

16. Vinegar

For decades, vinegar has been used to treat a range of ailments, including diabetes, dandruff, excessive perspiration, fungal infections, and even heartburn. Two tablespoons of ACV before bedtime helped patients with type II diabetes regulate fasting blood glucose levels, according to a study published in Diabetes Care.

17. Garlic

Garlic and garlic cloves on cutting board
Garlic and garlic cloves on cutting board

Garlic is disliked by many people because it causes unpleasant breath. Garlic extract, on the other hand, has been shown to boost the amount of insulin available to diabetics. As a result, it has been found to blood sugar levels.

18. Cashews

These nuts are nutritious and can be consumed in any quantity. They operate as a source of polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fats, which are beneficial to your health. It also contains a lot of magnesium and iron. If one chooses organic cashew nut butter, it is also nutritious. They have a GI of only 2.

19. Lentils


Fibre, minerals, and vitamins abound in lentils. They’re slowly gaining popularity, but when it comes to a blood sugar-conscious diet, they’re generally disregarded. They have a Glycemic Index of 30.

20. Beans

These are high in fibre and keep you feeling fuller for longer. Beans, notably black beans, do include carbohydrates, but they also contain a lot of dietary fibre, protein, and other minerals, resulting in a low glycemic index.

Najuk Priya
Najuk Priya
I am Najuk Priya. Graduated from BHU in Economics


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